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Angels

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  1. The Seven Archangels
  2. 14 more Archangels
  3. The Heavenly Hosts
  4. The Twenty arkhontes of the Rōis


  1. The Seven Archangels

The Archangels [ΑΡΧΑΓΓΕΛΟΣ] form the highest order of angels. According to the number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet, there are 22 Archangels. Seven of them are allowed to stand before God’s face and throne. The Apocalypse of Iōannēs mentions them in chapter 8, verse 2: “And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.” The names of those Archangels are given to us in the Account of the Institution of the Archangel Gabriēl.

Source: Müller, C. D. G. (ed.). (1962). Die Bücher der Einsetzung der Erzengel Michael und Gabriel. In: Scriptores Coptici, Tomus 31 (Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, Vol. 225), p. 79. Louvain: UC Louvain.

Michael

“Who is like God?” – מיכאל


 Wikipedia on Mikhaēl


Michael
“St. Michael Vanquishing Satan”

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (1483 – 1520)
Paris, Musée du Louvre

Gabriel

“God is my strength” – גבריאל


 Wikipedia on Gabriēl


Gabriel
“Annunciation”

Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519)
Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi

Raphael

“God has healed” – רפאל


 Wikipedia on Raphaēl


Raphael
“Tobias and the Angel”

Giovanni Girolamo Savoldo (1480 – 1548)
Rome, Galleria Borghese

Suriel

“Take me your way, oh God” – סוריאל


 Wikipedia on Sūriēl


Suriel
“The Death of Moses” (Sūriēl is the angel on the right)

Jan Wierix (1549 – 1620)
London, British Museum

Sedekiel

“God is my righteousness” – צדקיאל


 Wikipedia on Sedekiēl


Zadkiel
“Zadkiel”

Crispijn van de Passe the Elder (1564 – 1637)
London, British Museum

Salathiel

“I asked God” – שאלתיאל


 Wikipedia on Salathiēl


Shealtiel
“The Archangel Shealtiel”

Bartolomé Román (1587 – 1647)
Madrid, Museo del Prado

Anael

“God has answered” – ענהאל


Anael
“Anael”

Anonymus (circa 1700)
Mexico City, Museo Soumaya


  1. Fourteen more Archangels

Because one angel from the group of 22 archangels turned against God and was expelled from God’s inner circle, there remain 14 Archangels to be listed here. In the following the fallen Archangel is not named.

Uriel

“God is my light” – אוריאל


 Wikipedia on Ūriēl


Uriel
“Virgin of the Rocks” (Ūriēl is the angel on the right)

Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519)
Paris, Musée du Louvre

Iehudiel

“God of the Jews” – יהודיאל


 Wikipedia on Iehūdiēl


Iehudiel
“Archangel Iehūdiēl”

Anonymus (circa 1750)

Barakiel

“God is my lightning” – ברקיאל


Barakiel
“The Archangel Barakiēl”

Bartolomé Román (1587 – 1647)
Madrid, Museo del Prado

Ierameel

“God has mercy” – ירחמאל


 Wikipedia on Ierameēl


Ierameel
“The Archangel Ierameēl”

Anonymus
Copenhagen, Church of Our Saviour

Haniel

“God is my grace” – חניאל


 Wikipedia on Haniēl


Haniel
“Haniel”

Crispijn van de Passe the Elder (1564 – 1637)
London, British Museum

Kemuel

“God is risen” – קמואל


 Wikipedia on Kemūēl


Kemuel
“Camael”

Crispijn van de Passe the Elder (1564 – 1637)
London, British Museum

Iophiel

“Beauty of God” – יופיאל


 Wikipedia on Iophiēl


Iophiel
“Iophiel”

Crispijn van de Passe the Elder (1564 – 1637)
London, British Museum

Raguel

“Friend of God” – רעואל


 Wikipedia on Ragūēl


Raguel
“Ragūēl”

Anonymus

Azrael

“Help from God” – עזראל


 Wikipedia on Azraēl


Azrael
“Azraēl – the Archangel of Death”

Evelyn de Morgan (1855 – 1919)

Raziel

“God is my secret” – רזיאל


 Wikipedia on Raziēl


Raziel
“Raziēl”

Francisco de Zurbarán (1598 – 1664)

Ariel

“Lion of God” – אריאל


 Wikipedia on Ariēl


Ariel
“Ariēl”

Anonymus (circa 1860)
Florence, Basilica di Santa Croce

Sandalphon

Co-brother” – סנדלפון


 Wikipedia on Sandalphōn


Sandalphon
»Sandalphōn«

Florence Freeman (1836–1883)
Cambridge (Massachusetts), Longfellow National Historic Site

Metatron

“One who serves behind the throne [of God]” – מטטרון


 Wikipedia on Metatron


Metatron
Abraham’s Sacrifice

Rembrandt van Rijn (1606 – 1669)
St. Petersburg, Hermitage Museum

Phanuel

“Face of God” – פנואל


 Wikipedia on Phanūēl


Phanuel
»Phanūēl«

Ethiopian scroll


  1. The Heavenly Hosts

The universal arkhē of the heavenly hosts consists of three hierarchies or spheres of three orders each. According to the writings of Dionysios the Areopagite and others there are nine orders. The rank of an order or a sphere reflects the closeness to God.
The Archangels listed above form the tenth order. The influence of the Archangels extends to all nine orders.
Because the beings of all orders play a messenger role between this world and the hereafter, between the divine and the human, those beings sometimes act as angelic beings, i.e. as angels. Therefore we designate with the term “angel” [angelos] not only the beings of the lowest order, but the beings of all orders.

seraph

SERAPHUS – ΣΕΡΑΦ – שרף


the »Seraphīm«

 Wikipedia on the Seraphīm


cherub

CHERUB – ΧΕΡΟΥΒ – כרוב


the »Kherūbīm«

 Wikipedia on the Kherūbīm


thronus

THRONUS – ΘΡΟΝΟΣ – גלגל


the “Wheels” or the “Thrones”

 Wikipedia on the Thrones



dominatio

DOMINATIO – ΚΥΡΙΟΤΗΣ – חשמל


the “Dominations” or the “Lordships”

 Wikipedia on the Hašmalīm


virtus

VIRTUS – ΔΥΝΑΜΙΣ – תרשיש


the “Virtues” or the “Strongholds”

 Wikipedia on the Virtues


potestas

POTESTAS – ΕΞΟΥΣΙΑ – אראל


the “Powers” or the “Authorities”

 Wikipedia on the Powers



principatus

PRINCIPATUS – ΑΡΧΗ – שר


the “Principalities” or the “Rulers”

 Wikipedia on the Principalities


custos

CUSTOS – ΕΓΡΗΓΟΡΟΣ – עיר


the “Watchers”

 Wikipedia on the Watchers


angelus

ANGELUS – ΑΓΓΕΛΟΣ – מלאך


the “Messengers” or the “Angels”

 Wikipedia on angels in general



  1. The Twenty arkhontes of the Roīs

In the sixth chapter of the book of Genesis there is talk of angelic beings who beget children with the “daughters of men”. These angelic beings are called “sons of God” (בני האלהים). In the above scheme they belong to the second order which is the order of the Roīs (“Watchers”). Their children are called “heroes” (גברים) and “people of the name” (אנשי השם), i.e. “people of God”. In contrast to the Ethiopian Book of Enoch, in which we find the names of the Watchers and which was not included in the canon of the Bible, we emphasize that those Watchers have not fallen away from God. They brought the arts, the games, and the sciences to mankind, they taught the humans the use of many useful things, they helped mankind to master the difficulties on God’s earth after the fall of man. 200 Watchers came down to mingle with the humans. In the following we list the twenty decarchs, i.e. the twenty leaders of those angels. Their names are partly in Aramaic, partly in Hebrew.
(The information on Wikipedia and on other places of secondary literature is largely incorrect, since at these places it is erroneously assumed that the angels listed by us have fallen away from God.)

Source: Knibb, M. A. (ed.). (1978). The Ethiopic Book of Enoch 2. Introduction, Translation and Commentary, p. 69ff. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Semiaza

“He has seen my name” – שמיחזה


 Wikipedia on Semiaza


Arageel

“Land of God” – ארעאל


 Wikipedia on Arageēl


Remeseel

“Evening of God” – רמשאל


Khokhabel

“Star of God” – כוכבאל


 Wikipedia on Khokhabēl


Tamel

“God is perfect” – תמאל


Raamel

“Thunder of God” – רעמאל


 Wikipedia on Raamēl


Daniel

“God is my judge” – דניאל


 Wikipedia on Daniēl


Iezekiel

“God will strengthen” – יחזקאל


 Wikipedia on Iezekiēl


Barakel

“Lightning of God” – ברקאל


 Wikipedia on Barakēl


Asael

“God has made” – עשהאל


Hermoni

“The one from Hermon” – חרמני


 Wikipedia on Hermoni


Matharel

“Rain of God” – מטראל


 Wikipedia on Matharēl


Ananel

“Cloud of God” – עננאל


 Wikipedia on Ananēl


Satarel

“God has hidden” – סתראל


 Wikipedia on Satarēl


Samsiel

“God is my sun” – שמשיאל


 Wikipedia on Samsiēl


Sahariel

“God is my moon” – שהריאל


 Wikipedia on Sahariēl


Tomiel

“God is my perfection” – תומיאל


 Wikipedia on Tōmiēl


Turiel

“God is my mountain” – טוריאל


 Wikipedia on Tūriēl


Iumeel

“God’s day” – ימאל


 Wikipedia on Iūmeēl


Zahariel

“God is my splendor” – זהריאל


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